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20 Earth Day Science Experiments & Activities

Do your students know why we celebrate Earth Day? Can they tell you what it means to Recycle, Reuse, Renew? We’ve curated 20 Earth Day Activities that spark their imaginations to find new ways to help reduce pollution and waste.

What are you doing in your classroom for Earth Day? Here are 20 Earth Day Science Activities including science experiments for physical science, earth science, life science, and STEAM. Students can investigate types of rocks, make paper, and learn how to reduce, reuse and recycle.

Scientific Method& Experiment Recording Sheets

These Earth Day science experiments are also a great opportunity to work in a little bit about the Scientific Method and Science Experiments. Show students how scientists work through a process that asks a question and searches for an answer to that question.

Scientific Method Posters in color and black and white that teach students how to perform a science experiment and record their ideas each step of the way. Includes science experiment recording sheets and a flip book. Posters for the hypothesis, experiment, conclusion, observe, research, and more! #scienceexperiments #scientificmethod #funscienceexperiments #elementaryscience #secondgrade #secondgradescience #thirdgrade #thirdgradescience

The Scientific Method Posters and Science Experiment Recording Sheets are a great addition to the 20 Earth Day Science Experiments. Here are a few photos from the Scientific Method Resource.

Pollution Informational Article

To take it one step further, older students can read about different types of pollution, land pollution, air pollution, and water pollution. Included in this non-fiction article resource are additional websites for research and a variety of comprehension resources, including cause and effect. Check it out here.

This informative article about the three types of pollution is a great teaching resource for Earth Day. It outlines the effects of water pollution, air pollution, and land pollution. Through this carefully written nonfiction text, students can read and practice several comprehension activities including main idea and details and cause and effect. #readingcomprehension #teachkidsaboutpollution #earthdayclassroomactivity

20 Earth Day Science Experiments

We’ve taken the time to categorize the activities into Physical science, Earth science, Life science, and general STEAM categories. This will help you meet your science requirements.

Physical Science Earth Day Activities

Below are three ideas for Earth Day experiments and activities that focus on properties of matter, irreversible changes, density, and much more! Plus, each one focuses on what students can do to help the planet, too. These experiments will make a great addition to our Second Grade Science Stations Bundle.

What are you doing in your classroom for Earth Day? Here are 20 Earth Day Science Activities including science experiments for physical science, earth science, life science, and STEAM. Students can investigate types of rocks, make paper, and learn how to reduce, reuse and recycle.

Recycled Paper

We know we should use recycled paper, but have you ever made recycled paper? Now it is your chance! Students will love this hands-on look at making their own brand-new paper.

Last year my son begged for a paper making kit. Here he is making paper with it! This was a fun activity for him. He was first grade at the time and needed some help, but he was able to do most of it on his own!

Make recycled paper for Earth Day. Here is a picture of how to make paper!

Water Pollution Science

Pollution is a bad thing, we get it, but what can we do about it? This in-depth activity with a fun tie-in book to read will inspire your students to stop wondering and start doing.

Water Filtration

How does water filtration work? Does one type of filter work for all contaminants? This activity will have your students build their own filter systems and find out what works best to make the cleanest water. Students work with a sand and gravel filter to observe a water sample. Students can go one step further and disinfect the water with chlorine.

Earth Science Earth Day Activities

The following five activities are perfect for your Earth Day Earth Science studies. These would go along well with our second-grade science units.

What are you doing in your classroom for Earth Day? Here are 20 Earth Day Science Activities including science experiments for physical science, earth science, life science, and STEAM. Students can investigate types of rocks, make paper, and learn how to reduce, reuse and recycle.

Soil Model

A delicious treat that takes a good look at the different layers of soil. It’s a great addition to your students’ studies of the earth’s layers.

If you want to do a deeper study of the Earth’s layers, we have a set of science lessons all about plate tectonics.

Chocolate Rocks

Need a way to teach your students the differences between igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks? Want to make them a snack at the same time? This activity has you covered! A perfect addition to all your geology studies.

3 Water Cycle Experiments

Three great activities to teach your students all about the water cycle. One simple activity for each part of the cycle: evaporation, condensation, and precipitation.

Sorting or Classifying Rocks

What are the ways we can classify rocks? Students learn ways to identify rocks beyond the three main classifications. What makes two rocks the same? What makes them different? What creative ways will your students develop to categorize their rocks?

If you would like some more ideas for sorting and classifying rocks, take a look at these second-grade science stations about physical properties or these fourth-grade science stations about how the Earth has changed over time.

Simple Soil Science

What makes some soil better for certain plants? A more in-depth look at soil than the dessert activity above. This activity provides a great opportunity for students to observe, hypothesize, and experiment.

Life Science Earth Day Activities

Here are five fabulous activities that focus on biodiversity, plant life, and animal life.

What are you doing in your classroom for Earth Day? Here are 20 Earth Day Science Activities including science experiments for physical science, earth science, life science, and STEAM. Students can investigate types of rocks, make paper, and learn how to reduce, reuse and recycle.

Tabletop Biosphere

This article provides detailed instructions on building a biosphere. Students will learn how to create a completely self-sustained ecosystem.

Repurposed Dryer Lint

What is needed for plants to grow? Is it as simple as soil and water? This activity teaches students about the effects soil loss has on plant life and what they can do about it. Plus, it’s a great look at what repurposing can do.

Effects of Environmental Change

This detailed lesson from PBS teaches students the damage climate change can wreak on plant life and animal life. It is filled with videos, games, and other activities.

Eggshell Garden

This repurposing activity teaches students how different soils can have different effects on plant life. Students get to experiment to see which soil is best for their plants.

Plantable Seed Paper

What does it mean to compost paper? In this activity, students learn just that while also learning about plant life.

STEAM Activities for Earth Day

These seven activities will help your students explore science, technology, engineering, art, and math to find new ways to save our planet!

Trash Tower Building Challenge

Do your students love to build? In this activity, you can help them release their creativity while repurposing trash. Teach them to see what they throw away in a new light.

Upcycled Catapult

Another great activity to teach students to reuse trash instead of throwing it away. Plus, catapults. Everyone loves catapults!

Wind-Powered Stem Challenge

What can you do with the power of the wind? This fun activity will challenge students to find creative ways they can use wind power.

Solar Heat

What is solar energy? What can we use it for? This activity explores those questions and more while inspiring students to find new uses for solar energy.

We also have a Solar Oven Science Station in our Natural Resources Unit for fourth grade. In this science station, students read a passage about solar light energy and how solar cells turn that energy into electrical energy. Students construct a solar oven and cook something in it!

Create a solar oven with students to explore solar energy and natural resources.  This aligns with fourth grade NGSS standards and help students explore how we can use the sun to provide energy for our everyday needs.

Lemon-Powered Light

This is a classic activity that students have used for years at science fairs. Your students will love turning fruit into electricity. And let’s face it, you’ll enjoy it, too.

Recycled Art

PBS offers detailed lessons in drawing and recycling. The lesson plan offers students the opportunity to take what they’ve learned and put it into action. How do the worlds of art and conservation merge?

Robot Design Challenge

Recycled robots. Those two words alone are probably enough to get your students excited about this activity. Put their creative minds into gear and find out what science-fiction masterpieces they’ll create with your repurposed junk.

I hope these Earth Day Science Activities will engage your students in fun science experiments that help them learn about taking care of our planet!

More Science Resources?

Are you looking for MORE Science resources? Check out these blog posts. They’re all about second, third, and fourth-grade science.

20 Earth Day Science Experiments & Activities


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